Tehran

Tehran

General information

Location

Tehran is the capital city of Iran. A bustling metropolis of 14 million people, it is situated at the foot of the towering Alborz mountain rang. Tehran is a cosmopolitan city, with great museums, parks, restaurants, warm friendly people. It deserves at least a few days of your Iranian itinerary.

 Tehran Altitude between 1 ,200 and 1 ,700 meters. Mehrabad Airport to the west of city. Railway: European link through Tabriz and Istanbul , internal lines to Mashhad , Yazd and Khoramshahr. Regular coach services in all directions.

Capital and largest city of Iran and Tehran Province in an area of 600sq. km. since 200 years , is located in the northern part of the country. Tehran is Iran’s administrative , economic , and cultural center as well as the major industrial and transportation center of the region. The city sits on the slopes of the Alborz Mountains at an elevation of about 12 10 m. , on the northwestern fringes of the Dashte-e Kavir , a desert in central Iran. Most of the grow1h is channeled along an east-west axis and toward the south , to the north , the city is constrained by the steep Alborz Mountains. Most commercial and government buildings are located in the center of the city. Residential structures predominate elsewhere. The climate has marked seasonal contrasts , with short springs and autumns separating cold winters and hot , dry summers.

Tehran

History

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Tehran is the latest and the largest capital city in the 7000-year history of Persia , as Iran was called by many people in the West before 1935. The original settlement of Tehran , north of the ancient city of Rey , may have been founded as early as the 4th century. By the early 13th century it was a small village. In 1221 invading Mongols led by Chengis Khan destroyed Rey , but Tehran survived and grew slowly in the following centuries. During the reign of the Safavid Shah Tahmasp (1524-1576) a wall and four watchtowers were built around the city , and by the early 17th century Tehran had about 3000 houses. In the 1720s Afghan invaders attacked Tehran. The town defeated the initial Afghan force but fell to the main Afghan army and suffered tremendously under their occupation from 1723 to 1729. Nadir Shah freed Tehran in 1729. In 1788 Aqa Mohammad Khan , founder of the Qajar dynasty , made Tehran his capital , inaugurating the modern history of Tehran. At this time Tehran’s population was estimated to be 15 ,000. Under the Qajar dynasty (1786-1925) , Tehran grew in population and size , and new administrative buildings , palaces , mosques , and garrisons were constructed.

TEHRAN

Local Food

Each city and province has its own signs that are somehow the city's birth certificate.One of these signs is local food.In the following, we will introduce some local food in Tehran.

TEH FOOD

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Important places

Mount Damavand , the highest mountain in Iran , has for centuries attracted mountaineers , nomads and legends to its snow-covered slopes. The epic hero Fereidun wrestled and defeated the evil giant Zahakis , chaining him to a cave on the mountain peak. Villagers living near the base of the volcano still remark that Zahakis is straining to be free at the first signs of smoke or rumblings often heard deep within the mountain. On a clear day , the 18 ,600-foot cone is visible from Tehran , fifty miles away.

دماوند

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Unknown places

Toghrol Tower, located in Shahr-e Ray, Tehran province.this monument was built by Toghrol, King of the Seljuk era.The tower’s height is about 20 meters; its internal and external diameters are 11 and 16 meters, respectively.

toghrol

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Souvenirs & handicrafts

What is the best souvenir in Tehran and where to buy from؟
Less than few people think in Tehran we can buy souvenirs, from this city.

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Accommodation

You can see and compare all of ``Tehran`` accommodation here , including traditional houses, apartments, and hotels with various rate.

Five star Parsian Esteghlal International Hotel owned by parsian chain hotels with 70,000 square meter of space is located in bagh-e-shahr area